Strabismus occurs when the eyes cannot maintain proper alignment and fails work together as a team. Some people confuse strabismus with a lazy eye, but the two are very different. If you have Strabismus, your eyes cannot look at the same direction at the same time. Lazy eye is a health problem where one or both of your eyes lack to have clear vision. In most cases, your eye doctor can diagnose strabismus at a very young age. Eye care Specialist of Florida in Kissimmee can provide comprehensive eye and vision exams that can allow us to determine if you have strabismus.
What Does Strabismus Look Like?
If the weak eye is facing inward, it is called esotropia or cross-eyed. If the weaker eye moves outward, it is called exotropia or walleyed. If your weak eye focuses upward, it is called hypertropia, and if it is faced downward, it is called hypotropia.
Strabismus can be constant, and at times can make the weal eye to wander. If just one eye wanders, it is called unilateral strabismus. If your eyes take turns wandering, it is called alternating strabismus.
What Causes Strabismus?
Your eyes contain six extraocular muscles that control the position of your eye and movement. Strabismus occurs when there is are anatomical or neurological issues that interfere with the way that your child's extraocular muscles work. The issue can be related to the muscle itself or the brain. There are a few factors that can put yourself at high risk of developing strabismus.
- Genetics: Genetics play a big role in strabismus. If you or your family had strabismus when you were younger, there is a good chance that your children might get it as well.
- Significant Refractive Error: Anyone with a significant amount of farsightedness can develop strabismus. This is because the eyes need to work very hard to see objects clearly.
- Medical Conditions: There are certain medical conditions that can cause strabismus. Children with Down syndrome and cerebral palsy are at a greater risk. Strabismus can come on later in life if you suffer from a head injury or a stroke.
How Is Strabismus Treated?
If the strabismus is intermittent and the eye turns at a very small angle, the issue can be treated with vision therapy. However, in most cases, the only effective treatment for constant strabismus is thru surgery and an ophthalmologist can tell you if you need it. Whether or not the surgery will be successful would depend on the direction of the eye turn and the magnitude and your eye surgeon will tell you. The earlier the strabismus is treated, the more likely it is that the surgery will be a success. Your eye surgeon will want to begin treatment as soon as the strabismus is diagnosed.
It is important to understand that you may not be able to outgrow strabismus. The sooner you have the problem treated, the better.
If you or someone you know is suffering from strabismus or if you recently developed one due to a head injury or a stroke, you should schedule an appointment with the Eye Care Specialists of Florida in Kissimmee at (407) 483-0328. Our Ophthalmologist will provide a complete exam of the eye and recommend the best treatment possible.