Refractive Eye Surgery at Eye Care Specialists of Florida
Clear vision isn't just desirable. It's essential for your safety and productivity. Traditionally, the only solution to refractive errors lay in eyeglasses or contact lenses. Today, our Kissimmee eye doctor at Eye Care Specialists of Florida can correct your vision permanently right at the source through refractive surgery. Let's look at how refractive surgery works and why it might be exactly what you're looking for.
How Refractive Eye Surgery Works
Many vision problems stem from refractive vision errors, problems with the way incoming light strikes the retinas of the eyes. An elongated eyeball causes nearsightedness, a foreshortened one causes farsightedness, and abnormal curvature of the corneas can cause astigmatism. Refractive eye surgery compensates for these impairments either by altering the curvature of the cornea or by replacing the lenses with artificial ones that conform to your corrective vision prescription.
Two common techniques for reshaping the corneas include laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). In a LASIK procedure, the eye surgeon opens a flap in the outer corneal tissue. With the flap pushed aside, a surgical laser then vaporizes tiny amounts of the deeper corneal tissue. Once the flap is replaced, your vision should be much clearer than before. After the eyes have healed, you may have no need for corrective eyewear. In PRK, the eye surgeon simply removes the top layer of corneal tissue and reshapes the deeper tissue, allowing that outer layer to grow back on its own. While recovery takes longer than recovery from LASIK, the end results are just as impressive.
Some corneal issues can be corrected with the insertion of small plastic rings called Intacs. The eye surgeon installs the Intacts into the cornea so that they'll help to support the proper curvature, allowing for more accurate refraction of light. Another surgery called LRI helps an elongated cornea relax into a more naturally rounded shape.
Lens replacement is commonly performed for cataracts, but it can also help people with extreme refractive errors. The doctor implants intraocular contact lenses customized for your prescription, essentially giving your permanent contacts built right into the lenses.
Choosing the Right Procedure for Your Needs
Different refractive eye surgery procedures suit different needs. For instance, if your corneal tissue is too thin for LASIK, our ophthalmologist will recommend PRK. If your vision can't be corrected by either of these procedures, you should consider lens replacement. If weakened corneas have lost their shape, Intacs or LRI may be for you.
Our Kissimmee ophthalmologist can help you see more clearly, without having to reach for glasses or contacts. Call us today at (407) 483-0328!